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Patissa, an ultra rare example of an Indian sword from the late 16th century

Patissa Khanda an ultra rare example of an Indian sword from the late 16th century www.swordsantiqueweapons.com


Indian sword, a release from my personal collections. This sword was photographed as it was found several years ago. During this time is has been kept oiled cleaned and has a finer appearance than these images shown. Further images to be uploaded in the coming weeks.

The sword is of South India, with hilt of early Indian khanda style , and the blade of the form known as pattisa.

This ultra rare example of an extremely high quality sword that remains in fantstic contion for its age of approx 400-500 years old.
The Khanda hilt of this wonderful sword reflects Bidri type decorative motif enhanced with goldwork still remaining in many places and the blade clearly shows, although rubbed in places, an all over gold hue beneath the patina indicating gilding or a gold wash to the robust fighting blade. A very small amount can be seen on the hilt too.
A great importance must have been placed on this sword to be decorated as it has and it would not be hard to imagine this was intended for royal personage or ancestry or someone of high standing.
A very important sword from a period where weapons of this age are seldom seen let alone one exhibiting signs of this quality.

Overall the sword is 107cms long with a blade of 96cms. The hilt, from the dome pommel to the tip of the central bolster on the blade, measures 37cms long. The blade at the forte measures 40mmwide, narrowing to 35mm where the blade then widens to the spatulate tip that measures 56mm at the widest point.
The blade exhibits the most wonderful fullering work. Two deep fullers run from the forte towards the spatulate tip where they end and transform in to four deeply cut fullers that follow through to the tip. There is a single raised central ridge that runs through to the tip and divides these fullers. It should also be noted that where the two fullers meet the four they raise to meet together creating a thicker point in the blade twice as thick as the already thick fighting blade.
Another point of interest are the ridges of the four fullers. Where the central ridges in the spatulate tip meet the blades long central ridge, one ridge remains at the height of the main central ridge whilst the other for only 20-30mm remains lower than the central ridge at this point of meeting only, the same can be said for both sides. This is a most interesting and unusual intentional design aspect.
Despite the thickness of the blade there is good flex as would be expected with a great quality blade and under flex, it springs quickly back to place. It should be noted that this blade is free of pitting with the exception of a very tiny section of the utmost tip on the cutting edge. The lack of pitting on this blade can attributed to both the gold to the blade a dry stable storage point prior to my aquisition. The blade does however wear an all over even dark patina.
The spatulate point clearly adds extra weight to enhance the momentum of the powerful blows which would certainly have been devastating delivered by a mounted warrior, along with the length of the blade and its strength enhanced by the profound fullering.

Although I know of no comparable examples with deep multiple fullered configuration in swords, smaller weapons from this period exhibiting similar fullering can be found in Robert Elgoods comprehensive work,"Hindu Arms and Ritual"

A very rare chance to own a sword type not know in any major Indian or European Museum.